Inc is headed up by Ted Turner
Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938 in Cincinnati,
Ohio) is an American media mogul and philanthropist.
As a businessman, he is best known as the founder
of the cable television network CNN, the first
dedicated 24-hour cable news channel. In addition
to CNN, he founded WTBS, which pioneered the superstation
concept in cable television. As a philanthropist,
he is well known for his $1 billion pledge to
the United Nations donated through his United
media empire began with his father's billboard
business which he took over at the age of 24 after
his father's suicide. The billboard business,
Turner Outdoor Advertising, was worth approximately
one million dollars when Turner took it over in
1963. Purchase of an Atlanta UHF station in 1970
began the assemblage of the Turner Broadcasting
System. His Cable News Network revolutionized
news media, coming to the forefront covering the
space shuttle Challenger disaster in 1986 and
the Persian Gulf War in 1991. Using his media
empire for publicity, Turner turned the Atlanta
Braves baseball team into a nationally-popular
franchise and launched the charitable Goodwill
penchant for making controversial statements has
earned him the nickname "The Mouth of the
South." Turner was also in the news for his
much publicized marriage to Jane Fonda as well
as their subsequent divorce.
addition to his charitable donations, Turner has
devoted his assets to a blend of environmentalism
and capitalism, owning more land than any other
American, and using much of that land for ranches
as part of his plan to re-popularize buffalo meat,
in the process amassing the largest herd in the
Turner was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. When he was
nine years old, his family moved to Savannah,
Georgia. He attended the McCallie School, an unaffiliated
Christian prep school in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Turner attended Brown University and was, although
an unspectacular student in class, vice-president
of the Brown Debating Union. Turner was expelled
from Brown in 1960 for having an unauthorized
female visitor in his dormitory room.
Turner began sailing when he was nine years old.
He entered competition when he was eleven in the
junior program at the Savannah Yacht Club, and
went on to compete in the Olympic trials in 1964.
In the 1970s, Turner's sailboat racing ventures
included the America's Cup. In 1977, he skippered
the winning yacht, Courageous, and attracted publicity
for showing up at the post-race press conference
into other fields
He purchased the Atlanta Braves and Atlanta Hawks
in 1976 and created the Goodwill Games in 1986.
His relationship with the Braves was somewhat
peculiar before the team's success in the 1990s;
Turner was one of the more hands-on owners in
baseball history, at one point going as far as
to give the team's regular manager the day off
so Turner could manage. About this experience,
he famously said, "Managing isn't that difficult,
you just have to score more runs than the other
guy". Turner Field, which was first used
for the 1996 Summer Olympics as Centennial Olympic
Stadium and then converted into a baseball-only
facility for the Braves shortly thereafter, is
named after him.
a failed attempt to acquire CBS, Ted Turner purchased
the legendary but struggling Hollywood film studio
MGM/UA Entertainment Co. from Kirk Kerkorian in
1986 for $1.5 Billion.
the acquisition, Ted Turner assumed an enormous
debt and had no other choice but to sell parts
of the acquisition. MGM/UA Entertainment Co. was
sold back to Kirk Kerkorian. The MGM/UA Studio
lot in Culver City was sold to Lorimar/Telepictures.
Turner kept MGM/UA's pre-1986 and pre-merger film
and TV library, which included nearly all of MGM/UA's
material made before the merger, and a small portion
of United Artists's film and TV properties (which
included very few UA pictures, the TV series Gilligan's
Island, the RKO Radio Pictures library, and the
pre-1948 Warner Bros. library that was once the
property of Associated Artists Productions, UA
Television's predecessor company).
used these assets to begin adding new cable channels.
In 1988, he introduced Turner Network Television
(abbreviated TNT) with a broadcast of Gone with
the Wind. TNT was, at least initially, a vehicle
for older movies and television shows, but slowly
began to add original programming and newer reruns.
Since its launch in 1994, Turner Classic Movies
adopted the role of broadcasting the older Warner
Bros., RKO, and MGM libraries. As with the original
TBS, TNT used sports broadcasts to attract a broader
audience; in the latter case, signing contracts
with NASCAR and the NBA.
1992 the MGM library, which as noted above included
a number of Warner Brothers properties, including
the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies libraries
became the core of Cartoon Network. Turner's companies
had also purchased Hanna-Barbera Productions by
this time, adding additional content. With the
1996 Time Warner merger, the channel's archives
gained the post-1948 Warner Bros. cartoon library,
thus giving the channel's archive a staggering
amount of cartoons.
the mid-1980s, Turner became a driving force for
the colorization of black and white films. In
1985, the film Yankee Doodle Dandy became the
first black and white movie to be redistributed
in color, thanks to computer colorization. Despite
widespread opposition to the practice by many
film aficionados, stars and directors, the movie
won over a sizeable section of the public on its
re-release, and Turner would soon colorize a majority
of films that he had owned. However, in the mid-1990s,
the high cost of the process led Turner to abandon
the idea of colorizing films. In contrast with
TNT, TCM has shown the unaltered versions of films.
Entertainment Co. was established in August 1986
to oversee the entire film properties owned by
1988, Turner purchased World Championship Wrestling.
In 2001, under AOL Time Warner control, it was
sold to the competing World Wrestling Federation.
1989, Ted Turner created the Turner Tomorrow Fellowship
to be awarded to a work of fiction offering positive
solutions to global problems. The winner, chosen
from 2500 entries worldwide, was Daniel Quinn's
1990, he created the Turner Foundation, which
focuses on philanthropic grants in the areas of
the environment and population. Also in that year,
he created the character Captain Planet, an environmental
superhero. Turner produced two TV series with
him as the featured character.
1993, Turner appeared in the epic Gettysburg,
which he produced, as Colonel Waller T. Patton,
a role he reprised in the 2003 prequel Gods and
Generals, also produced by Turner.
The Time Warner years
On September 22, 1995, Turner Broadcasting System,
Inc. announced plans to merge with Time Warner,
Inc. The merger was completed on October 10, 1996,
with Turner as vice chairman and head of Time
Warner's cable networks division. On January 10,
2000, Time Warner announced plans to merge with
AOL as AOL Time Warner. This merger closed January
On January 29, 2003, AOL Time Warner announced
that Ted Turner would resign as a vice chairman.
February 24, 2006, Turner announced that he would
not seek re-election as director on the Time Warner
board of directors.
Turner Enterprises, he owns 14 ranches in Kansas,
Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma and South
Dakota. According to his Ted's Montana Grill website,
"Turner Enterprises' mission is to manage
Turner lands in an economically sustainable and
ecologically sensitive manner, while conserving
Turner sponsors the debates known as the Public
Forum Debate of the National Forensic League.
Every year, he attends the National Forensic League's
National Speech and Debate Tournament and speaks
there as well.
September 19, 2006 Turner in a Reuters Newsmaker
conference posited a hypothetical situation, relating
to Iran's nuclear postition, wherein he stated,
" They're a sovereign state. We have 28,000.
Why can't they have 10? We don't say anything
about Israel -- they've got 100 of them approximately
-- or India or Pakistan or Russia." He also
advocated such policies as banning men from public
office, "Men should be barred from public
office for 100 years in every part of the world...The
men have had millions of years where we've been
running things. We've screwed it up hopelessly.
Let's give it to the women" Reuters News
Service September 20, 2006
He is America's largest private landowner, owning
approximately two million acres (8,000 km²),
which is greater than the land areas of the two
smallest states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined.
According to documentary filmmaker Michael Moore,
Turner's land has a higher gross domestic product
than the country of Belize. He also has the largest
private bison herd in the world, with 40,000 head.
In 2002, Turner co-founded Ted's Montana Grill,
a restaurant chain specializing in burgers and
other entrees made from fresh bison meat.
his ownership, World Championship Wrestling became
the only federation in history to outrate and
outsell the McMahon family and their World Wrestling
the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics,
Turner founded the Goodwill Games as a statement
for peace through sport.
1998, Turner gave $1 billion in Time Warner stock
to United Nations causes, creating the United
Nations Foundation. However, the details of how
funds are allocated are generally less well known.
Human rights scholar Mary Ann Glendon has noted
that "Mr. Turner's gesture looks less like
a gift and more like a take-over bid aimed at
U.N. agencies with privileged access to vulnerable
populations." United Nations agencies would
be required to submit proposals to the UN Foundation.
The foundation was to be headed by a man with
views similar to Mr. Turner's, former U.S. State
Department official Timothy Wirth. Wirth spearheaded
the aggressive U.S. population control agenda
at the 1994 Cairo conference and has praised China
and its one-child policy for its "very, very
effective high-investment family planning."
(See "Unfinished Business" by Mary Ann
Glendon in The American Journal of Jurisprudence,