SBS Television Network
Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is one of two
government funded Australian public broadcasting
radio and television networks, the other being
the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC).
The stated purpose of SBS is "to provide
multilingual and multicultural radio and television
services that inform, educate and entertain all
Australians and, in doing so, reflect Australia's
1975, the Australian Government introduced the
Medibank health insurance scheme. Concerns that
minority communities might require details in
their own languages led to the establishment of
two ethnic radio stations, 2EA in Sydney and 3EA
in Melbourne. These started broadcasting in June
1975, seven and eight foreign languages, respectively.
following year, the Government created the Consultative
Committee on Ethnic Broadcasting. Following the
recommendation of this and subsequent committees,
the Broadcasting and Television Act 1942 was amended
to found the Special Broadcasting Service. This
legislation came into force on January 1, 1978,
with the new broadcaster taking responsibility
for 2EA and 3EA.
TV began test transmissions in April 1979 when
it showed various foreign language programs on
ABV-2 Melbourne and ABN-2 Sydney on Sunday mornings.
Full-time transmission began at 6.30pm on 24 October
1980 (United Nations Day) as Channel 0/28. At
the time SBS was broadcasting on UHF Channel 28
and VHF Channel 0, with a planned discontinuation
of the latter at some time in the future. Bruce
Gyngell, who introduced television to Australia
back in 1956, was given the task of introducing
the first batch of programs on the new station.
16 October 1983 the service expanded into Canberra,
Cooma, and Goulburn and at the same time changed
its name to Network 0-28. Its new slogan was the
long-running "Bringing the World Back Home".
The network changed its named to SBS on the 18th
February, 1985, and began daytime transmissions.
SBS expanded to Brisbane, Adelaide, Newcastle,
Wollongong and the Gold Coast in the June of that
5 January 1986 SBS ceased broadcasting on the
VHF0 frequency. Although many Australians at the
time did not have UHF antennas, SBS's VHF license
had already been extended by a year at this stage
and not all antennas had worked well with the
low-frequency Channel 0 either.
August 1986, the Government proposed legislation
that would merge SBS into the ABC. This was highly
unpopular with ethnic communities, leading Prime
Minister Bob Hawke to announce in 1987 that the
proposed amalgamation would not go ahead. The
SBS Youth Orchestra is launched in August, 1987
with founding conductor Matthew Krel.
to introduce limited commercial program sponsorship,
and the establishment of SBS as an independent
corporation with its own Charter were put into
place in July, 1989. The proclamation of the Special
Broadcasting Service Act 1991 officially made
SBS a corporation in 1991. Throughout the early
1990s, SBS TV coverage is expanded further to
include new areas such as the Latrobe Valley,
Spencer Gulf, Darwin, northeast Tasmania, Cairns
1992, the SBS' radio and television facilities
were gradually moved to new headquarters in Artarmon,
New South Wales from its original studios at Milson's
Point. The new building was officially opened
in November, 1993 by Prime Minister Paul Keating.
A national radio network was launched in January,
1994. The new service initially covered Brisbane,
Adelaide, Perth and Darwin, while original stations
2EA and 3EA were renamed Radio Sydney and Radio
Melbourne, respectively. The new national service
was launched on a separate frequency in Sydney
and Melbourne in July, of that year. Throughout
1996 radio services were expanded to cover Hobart
and Canberra, while SBS TV's coverage was further
expanded to include the New South Wales north
coast and Albury.
Park, SBS' most successful ever television series
was first shown on the network in 1998. A time-delay
system was installed for South Australia in May
1999, shortly before the establishment of the
Transmission Services division (intended to manage
transmission and self-help services). A New Media
division, responsible for the SBS website, was
established at the start of 2000, in time for
the first webcast of the AFI Awards. Ratings continued
to increase through 2000 to 2001 - increasing
to an overall 5.2% average weekly audience share.
languages were dropped, and four added, from SBS
Radio in April, 2003, while hours for Cantonese,
Mandarin and Arabic language broadcasts (amongst
others) were increased. SBS broadcast the 2004
Athens Olympics in partnership with the Seven
Network. SBS will broadcast the Euro 2008 in Austria
and Switzerland .
Radio broadcasts in 68 languages in all Australian
states, producing an estimated 13,500 hours of
Australian programming for its two frequencies
in Sydney and Melbourne, as well as its national
network. Much like SBS TV, SBS radio is funded
by a mix of government grants, paid-for government
information campaigns, and commercial advertising.
SBS Radio will broadcast the Euro 2008 in Austria
and Switzerland .
Following "extensive community consultation",
in 2003 a range of new programs were introduced,
including services in Malay, Somali and Amharic
in addition to the expansion of many existing
TV is available nationally through a network of
terrestrial transmitters in addition to the Optus
Aurora satellite service. SBS TV devotes a significant
part of its morning television schedule to news
bulletins in languages other than English, as
well as showing many subtitled, foreign-language
films. Its own news and current affairs aim to
have a higher concentration on international affairs
than the ABC or the commercial networks. It also
shows many documentaries and current affairs programs,
while its sports coverage has a strong focus on
international sports, primarily football (soccer)
and cycling (especially the Tour de France) -
often leading the station to be lampooned as "Sex
and Bloody Soccer".
the end of 2006, SBS began showing ad breaks during
programs, a move which was intended to increased
funding for the commission of multicultural drama
and documentaries, and to support World News Australia's
shift to a one-hour format, a change unpopular
with many viewers.
of state or territory, SBS television services
always use the callsign 'SBS'. In capital cities,
SBS is broadcast on UHF channel 28, while regional
and digital television is on a range of frequencies.
SBS World News Channel, SBS Essential
like the ABC, SBS has been one of the most progressive
networks with regard to digital broadcasting,
primarily due to government restrictions on commercial
multichanneling. Since 2001 SBS TV has been broadcast
to the Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide,
Perth and Canberra.
broadcasts a second digital channel, the SBS World
News Channel - launched in 2002 - which broadcasts
a mix of foreign-language news bulletins similar
to SBS TV's morning WorldWatch timeslot. Despite
being available nationally through digital terrestrial
television, the channel is unavailable on the
Optus Aurora satellite platform.
is one of the world's largest subtitling organisations,
producing subtitles not just for films to be shown
on its own television channel, but also for foreign
film and documentary producers around the world.
Services include translation from English to other
languages, and from foreign languages to other
languages, as well as to English.
its Language Services unit, SBS also provides
a range of translation, typesetting, and voiceover
network provides a rehearsal venue for the SBS
Radio and Television Youth Orchestra, an orchestra
that records many broadcasts for the network and
tours regularly overseas. (Credit:
Television broadcasts in more than 60 languages, with
more than half of its programs broadcast in languages
other than English. These programs are made accessible
to all Australians through the use of English subtitles.
With more than 400 international and local program
sources, SBS Television draws upon the largest range
of source material of any television network in the
the 2002-03 Federal Budget, the Government announced
that it would fund the extension of SBS Television
to all regional transmission areas with a population
of 5,000 people or more, where spectrum is available.
This followed the completion of the Television Fund
financed program to extend SBS Television to some
1.2 million Australians in regional transmission areas
with a population of 10,000 people or more in October
initiative will see SBS Television extended to a number
of regional communities for the first time, while
in other areas--where SBS Television self-help services
already exist--it will relieve a local Council or
community group of their obligation to meet the costs
associated with maintaining a service. In these latter
areas, the initiative may involve SBS' transmission
service provider replacing an existing self-help service
with one that affords greater audience reach thereby
improving local access to SBS Television.
Government is awaiting the receipt of definitive advice
from the Australian Broadcasting Authority on spectrum
availability in the areas SBS has identified as meeting
the population extension criterion before making a
formal announcement of which communities will be included
in the new extension program. It is anticipated that
all extensions will be completed by 30 June 2004.
Let's take a look at what's making news around
the country. Last week an historic land use agreement
was reached between the NSW Government and the
Githabul people, in the State's north. After a
decade of negotiations, the Githabul people have
been granted native title rights over 112,000
hectares of land, including 10 national parks
and 13 State forests. The agreement recognises
their ongoing physical and spiritual connection
to the land, and gives them control over future
developments in some areas of crown and leasehold
KARLA GRANT: Let's take a look at what's making
news. The Queensland Government has agreed to
hand over land left out of the biggest native
title agreement ever made on the eastern side
of Australia. In February, the Githabul people
won native title rights over 112,000 hectares
of land in NSW. They're now due to be granted
native title over the summit of Mount Lindsay
later this year. The summit, on the Queensland
side of the border, was originally left out of
their native title agreement.
Queensland public servant Collin Dillon has been
named 2006 Whistleblower of the Year. Mr Dillon
served as a police officer for 36 years before
working as a senior Indigenous adviser for the
Queensland Government. He was the first policeman
to blow the whistle on police corruption in Queensland
to the Fitzgerald Inquiry. Mr Dillon received
his award for his criticism of the Queensland
Government's failure to provide protection for
Aboriginal people held in police custody.
the countdown begins to Black Australia's night
of nights, the 2007 Deadly Awards. The Deadlys
is the biggest celebration of Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander achievement in music, sport, entertainment
and community, and will be held at the Sydney
Opera House on Thursday 27 September. Voting for
the Deadlys closes
this Saturday, so log onto vibe.com.au
for more details. So mark your calendar and don't
miss SBS's coverage of the event on Tuesday 2
October, at 10pm.
that's the program for today. Next week, video
journalist Emma Cook travels to Halls Creek, a
town in the spotlight after the Barnham inquiry
into child abuse saw several local men charged.
1: Barnham Inquiry have looked at all the girls
that have been abused. I know that there's been
boys abused and that they are abusers now. And
so it's just one vicious cycle.
next week on Living Black. Don't forget if you'd
like to visit our website, you can do that by
logging on to sbs.com.au
and click on News. And tonight we asked your views
on the need for more rehabilitation services in
light of the new alcohol bans in the Northern
Territory. Thanks for joining us. I'm Karla Grant.
1: They always keep removing people out of the
community to get them clean. Why can't they do
a program where they work it into the community
to get them clean?
Who brought the grog in? We don't own no pub.
2: Unless the rehabilitation is done from an Aboriginal
control perspective, there is no such thing as
thank you to SBS for their tremendous support and
assistance over the years.